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iText实现pdf导出

本文于481天之前发表,文中内容可能已经过时。

直接看代码吧

/**

 * AsianTest.java 
 */  

import java.io.FileOutputStream;  
import java.io.IOException;  

import com.lowagie.text.*;  
import com.lowagie.text.pdf.PdfWriter;  
import com.lowagie.text.pdf.BaseFont;  
import com.lowagie.text.Font;  
import java.awt.Color;  

public class AsianTest {  

    public static void main(String[] args) {  

        // 创建一个Document对象  
        Document document = new Document();  

        try {  

            // 生成名为 AsianTest.pdf 的文档  
            PdfWriter.getInstance(document, new FileOutputStream(  
                    "c://AsianTest.pdf"));  

            /** 
             * 新建一个字体,iText的方法 STSongStd-Light 是字体,在iTextAsian.jar 中以property为后缀 
             * UniGB-UCS2-H 是编码,在iTextAsian.jar 中以cmap为后缀 H 代表文字版式是 横版, 相应的 V 
             * 代表竖版 
             */  
            BaseFont bfChinese = BaseFont.createFont("STSongStd-Light",  
                    "UniGB-UCS2-H", false);  

            Font bold_fontChinese = new Font(bfChinese, 12, Font.BOLD,  
                    Color.BLACK);  
            Font italic_fontChinese = new Font(bfChinese, 12, Font.ITALIC,  
                    Color.BLACK);  
            Font impressFont = new Font(bfChinese, 16, Font.BOLDITALIC,  
                    Color.BLACK);  
            // 打开文档,将要写入内容  
            document.open();  

            // 插入一个段落  
            // Paragraph par = new Paragraph("我们", fontChinese);  

            // document.add(par);  
            //  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            String[] Trainspotting1 = { "选择生命,选择工作,选择职业,选择家庭,",  
                    "选择可恶的大彩电,选择洗衣机、汽车、雷射碟机,", "选择健康、低胆固醇和牙医保险,选择楼宇按揭,",  
                    "选择你的朋友,选择套装、便服和行李,选择分期付款和三件套西装,",  
                    "选择收看无聊的游戏节目,边看边吃零食……选择你的未来,选择生命……", "太多选择,你选择什么,我选择不选择。" };  
            String[] Trainspotting2 = { "这是电影《猜火车》开头的旁白。", "这是一个关于“选择”的故事。" };  
            String[] Benjamin1 = { "有些人就在河边出生长大,", "有些人被闪电击中,",  
                    "有些人对音乐有着非凡的天赋,", "有些人是艺术家,", "有人会游泳,", "有人懂得做纽扣,",  
                    "有人会背莎士比亚,", "而有些人。。。是母亲,", "也有些人,可以翩翩起舞。",  
                    "Goodnight  Daisy", "Goodnight  Benjamin" };  
            String[] Benjamin2 = { "这是电影《本杰明传奇》结尾的旁白。", "这是一个关于“错过”的故事。" };  
            String[] text1 = { "我想说的是,", "我们选择,同时,我们错过。" };  
            String[] text2 = { "抛去无可选择的选择,抑或不选择的选择,",  
                    "很有趣的一件事:当面临(太多的)选择,人们会如何选择;", "同时,人们又会如何看待错过。" };  
            String[] text3 = { "在开始和结束之间,选择了什么,又会错过什么,我还不知道。" };  
            String[] text4 = { "你会知道么?" };  
            //  
            for (String s : Trainspotting1) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, italic_fontChinese));  
                document.add(new Paragraph(" ", italic_fontChinese));  
            }  
            for (String s : Trainspotting2) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            for (String s : Benjamin1) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, italic_fontChinese));  
                document.add(new Paragraph(" ", italic_fontChinese));  
            }  
            for (String s : Benjamin2) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            for (String s : text1) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            for (String s : text2) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            for (String s : text3) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            for (String s : text4) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(" ", bold_fontChinese));  
            //  
            String[] end = { "Some people were born to sit by a river...",  
                    "Some get struck by light...",  
                    "Some have an ear for music...", "Some are artists...",  
                    "Some swim...", "Some know buttons...",  
                    "Some know Shakespeare...", "Some are mothers...",  
                    "And some people can dance..." };  
            for (String s : end) {  
                document.add(new Paragraph(s, bold_fontChinese));  
            }  
            document.add(new Paragraph(  
                    "by the way, some people can write code.你", impressFont));  

            // Chapter  
            Paragraph title1 = new Paragraph("Chapter 1", italic_fontChinese);  
            Chapter chapter1 = new Chapter(title1, 1);  
            chapter1.setNumberDepth(0);  
            Paragraph title11 = new Paragraph(  
                    "This is Section 1 in Chapter 1中文", italic_fontChinese);  
            Section section1 = chapter1.addSection(title11);  
            Paragraph someSectionText = new Paragraph(  
                    "This text comes as part of section 1 of chapter 1.");  
            section1.add(someSectionText);  
            someSectionText = new Paragraph("Following is a 3 X 2 table.");  
            section1.add(someSectionText);  
            //  
            document.add(chapter1);  
            //  
            // 定义一个图片  

            Image jpeg = Image.getInstance("E:/01.jpg");  

            // 图片居中  
            jpeg.setAlignment(Image.ALIGN_CENTER);  
            document.add(jpeg);  
        } catch (DocumentException de) {  
            System.err.println(de.getMessage());  
        } catch (IOException ioe) {  
            System.err.println(ioe.getMessage());  
        }  

        // 关闭打开的文档  
        document.close();  
    }  
}

此上的文章转载别人的,觉得挺好就借鉴过来



原创部分

  • 建立Document对象的实例

    Document document = new Document();

  • 建立一个书写器(Writer)与document对象关联,通过书写器(Writer)可以将文档写入到磁盘中,filePath是pdf的生成路径

PdfWriter.getInstance(document, new FileOutputStream(
                        filePath));
  • 新建一个字体,iText的方法STSongStf-Ligth 是字体,在BaseFont中设置之后,我们到处的pdf就可以兼容中文了。itext还有两种输出中文字体的设置,

    • 1 使用iTextAsian.jar中的字体
BaseFont bfChinese = BaseFont.createFont("STSongStd-Light",
                        "UniGB-UCS2-H", false);
    -  2 使用Windows系统字体(TrueType)         

BaseFont.createFont(“C:/WINDOWS/Fonts/SIMYOU.TTF”, BaseFont.IDENTITY_H,BaseFont.NOT_EMBEDDED);

  • 使用资源地址
BaseFont.createFont("/SIMYOU.TTF", BaseFont.IDENTITY_H,BaseFont.NOT_EMBEDDED);     
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